Mijas - Watchtowers
Given the strategic relevance of the coast, it has been always a target of attacks. These towers along the coastline were built to give the signal of alarm when there was an attack. The watching towers were imported by the Phoenicians to watch but they were the Arabians who get a perfect organization of the watch. In Mijas there are four watching towers:
Old tower Cala del Moral
In Juan Temboury´s "Beacon Towers", we can find the following information on this tower, "these forts are known as ‘horseshoe forts’ due to their elongated semi-circular ground plan with two oblique spurs or hornwork at the back. They were built with masonry, works which were known as "stone and mortar works". Their layout inside is comprised of two floors and a roof terrace. The surface areas of these rooms increases as we go up while the thickness of the outer walls decreases.
According to Juan Temboury, the Calaburra Tower belongs to the series of towers built around 1515 (other authors date it to the beginning of the 17th century) whose features a very similar. They are shaped like truncated cones, built with black stone masonry and still preserve the remains of plasterwork.
This tower was called the Calahorra Tower in the instructions of 1497 and was the last tower to guard the Marbella cavalry. Calahorra is an Arabic word which is synonymous with isolated tower. One of the labourers assigned to Cala del Moral had to man this watchtower every morning. It was built on a mound on the beach and next to a well in the 16th century.
Penta peseta tower (torre nueva)
This tower does not appear on 18th century maps and charts and is probably the most modern tower on the entire coastline. It must have been built at the beginning of the 19th century for customs surveillance. It is located north of the highway on a point that juts out to the sea.